A homoparental family is a family with two partners of the same sex (either two women or two men) who become parents and have one or more children together. Homoparental families are also those where one of the two members has naturally had children in a previous relationship.
Scientific research has consistently shown that homoparental families are just as capable of being parents as heterosexual parents. There is no relationship between the parents’ sexual orientation and any measures on the emotional, psychosocial and behavioural adjustment of the child.
Women with female partners
Women with a female partner who want children only need a sperm donor. In countries like Spain all donors are anonymous, but in other countries like the United States donors may be open depending on the state where the treatment is performed. In addition, the couple must decide which of the two women will gestate the baby. Sometimes both women decide to undergo an assisted reproduction treatment at the same time with sperm from the same donor. Treatments that may be performed are artificial insemination with donor sperm or in vitro fertilization with donor sperm.
Men with male partners
Unlike women with a female partner, men with a male partner will need a surrogate and an egg donor (gestational surrogacy). It is advisable to undergo the treatment with gestational surrogacy (donor eggs) and not traditional surrogacy (eggs from the same surrogate). Decision must always be made as to which of the two men will be the genetic contributor, since only the sperm of one of the two aspiring fathers can be used.